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The priests were very powerful members of Sumerian society.The most famous pyramids are the Egyptian — huge structures built of brick or stone, some of which are among the world's largest constructions.For thousands of years, the largest structures on Earth were pyramids—first the Red Pyramid in the Dashur Necropolis and then the Great Pyramid of Khufu, both of Egypt, the latter is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still remaining.Khufu's Pyramid is built mainly of limestone (with large red granite blocks used in some interior chambers), and is considered an architectural masterpiece.The capstone was usually made of hard stone – granite or basalt – and could be plated with gold, silver, or electrum and would also be highly reflective.After 2700 BC, the ancient Egyptians began building pyramids, until around 1700 BC.Each ziggurat was part of a temple complex which included other buildings.
The base of a pyramid can be trilateral, quadrilateral, or any polygon shape.
The first pyramid was erected during the Third Dynasty by the Pharaoh Djoser and his architect Imhotep.
This step pyramid consisted of six stacked mastabas.
They are shaped as a reference to the rays of the sun.
Most pyramids had a polished, highly reflective white limestone surface, to give them a shining appearance when viewed from a distance.