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Thousands of clay tablets were found there, documents of inestimable value in many fields of research (including epigraphy, philology, and the history of religion).
Dating from the 15th and 14th centuries and are thus the earliest preserved documents in an alphabetic writing.
That they manifest closely related efforts is certain; what the exact relationship among these efforts was, and what their relationship with the North Semitic alphabet was, cannot be said with certainty.
It can, however, be ascertained that the period from 1730 to 1580 Syria, Palestine, and Egypt, during which there was an uprooting of established cultural and ethnic patterns in the Fertile Crescent, provided conditions favourable to the conception of an alphabetic script, a kind of writing that would be more accessible to larger groups of people, in contrast to the scripts of the old states of Mesopotamia and Egypt, which were confined largely to the priestly class.
Both syllabaries and alphabets are phonographic symbolizations; that is, they represent the sounds of words rather than units of meaning. While some scholars consider the Semitic writing system an unvocalized syllabary and the Greek system the true alphabet, both are treated here as forms of the alphabet.
Over the centuries, various theories have been advanced to explain the origin of alphabetic writing, and, since classical times, the problem has been a matter of serious study.
Every country situated in or more or less near the eastern Mediterranean has been singled out for the honour.
The North Semitic alphabet was so constant for many centuries that it is impossible to think that there had been any material changes in the preceding two to three centuries.If the signs’ external form (which, it must be emphasized, had no particular significance) is ignored and only their phonetic value, number, and order are considered, the modern Hebrew alphabet may be regarded as a continuation of the original alphabet created more than 3,500 years ago.The Hebrew order of the letters seems to be the oldest.Despite the conflict in theories, scholars are generally agreed that, for about 200 years before the middle of the 2nd millennium , alphabet making was in the air in the Syro-Palestinian region.It is idle to speculate on the meaning of the various discoveries referred to.